Basic Aspects of Manual Testing For Beginners

We must evaluate and verify a software component/product’s specifications after creating and testing the features for possible errors and bugs.When it is delivered to the market, it has to be defect-free.

There are two forms of software testing: manual and automated. This post will go through the fundamentals of manual application testing, which humans do using certain manual testing tools.

Manual Testing

Manual testing is about humans testing applications while using manual testing tools unlike automated testing, where the tools do everything minimizing human participation, manual tests involve human intelligence.  

So, manual tests center on how the testers contrast a software program’s conduct (which may be an element, module, function, or something else) to the predefined, usual outcome that project managers set in the SDLC’s early stages. Before automating testing, QA teams must manually test any new device or program.

Need For a Manual Testing

As the advancing technologies are improving the software industry, more and more software companies are opting for automated testing, but manual testing is still necessary for various reasons. Among them are:

Human Insight

Humans are supposedly the ones who can look at and assess the application’s basic functionality, its look, and sound. Since the application is made for humans alone, they can do a superb job of validating it from a user interface viewpoint.

Value of Automation

Extensive automation efforts are often unjustifiable due to project deadlines or scale, and testers usually prefer fast manual testing over test automation.In this way end to end testing also plays an important role in automation.

Scenarios that Can’t be Automated

Various scenarios are not worth automating or do not have strong trust in user actions when experimenting with automation. For instance, some methods on mobile devices involve user interaction, such as “Press & Pay,” that have different behaviors when using automated tools versus when manual testing tools.

Steps for Manual Test

Step 1

Use the criteria for the first review step to collect the specifications. We realize what the predicted behavior is and what we need to test once we’ve collected and understood the testing criteria and when we say we’ve identified the flaw.

Step 2

Once we’ve figured out the criteria, we’ll classify and develop test cases to address all of the project management plan conditions. Furthermore, the test cases can determine features and multiple test scenarios sequentially, ensuring the application is covered and validating the intended output.

Step 3

When the testing process is complete, the tester must discuss them with the project manager and, if necessary, the client. Before implementing the test cases, testers review the test cases for any defects and fix them.

Step 4

As the test cases are complete and the test environment is ready, we run the tests one after the other. Each testing phase will be amongst the states mentioned below:

Test is passed if the scenario under test performs as intended.

Test case is failed if the operation does not go as planned.

If testers cannot complete the test case, it is skipped. It may be due to constraints or unforeseen situations.

Step 5

As the testing team runs tests, we must report any bugs or defects to the responsible developer and file a bug report.

Step 6

Eventually, manual testing generates a comprehensive test report detailing how many errors or glitches they discovered, what other test cases need to be rerun, how many test cases failed, and how many we missed.  


Most companies are moving towards a more advanced, automated approach for QA testing, but that does not make manual tests an outdated phenomenon, and we tried our best to make this article a good insight on the idea. 

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