On 29 july 2020 Union Cabinet laid the foundation of transformative reforms for schools, colleges and universities by implementing the National Education Policy. It also renamed the MHRD as the Ministry of Education. CBSE,ICSE, CISCE and all other state boards will come under this policy. It was drafted in 1986 later it was amended in 1992 under the Prime minister P.V. Narasimha rao.
In 2019 a panel led by former ISRO(Indian space and research organization) chief Krishnaswamy kasturirangan drafted the new education policy under the government of Narendra Modi, which was approved by the Union Cabinet in 2020. According to union education minister Ramesh pokhriyal nishank, the new education policy would prove to be boon for students because their concepts are based on the pillars of access, quality, equity and accountability.
In this article, you will get to know about the new education policy 2022-2023 approved by the cabinet.
What Is The New Educational Policy 2022?
The main objective of the new educational policy to reduce curriculum content and primarily focussed on enhancing the learning skills and critical thinking. According to the new education policy, not every student needs to cram academic subjects, books, math formulas, science formulas etc to get better future opportunities. The new education policy helps students to recognise and identify unique capabilities and flexibility in their skills through which teachers as well as parents can promote their holistic development.
The new education policy will replace the 10+2 format with the new education policy with a 5+3+3+4 structure school system which include development in four steps: foundation stage, preparatory stage, mid stage and higher secondary stage. Foundation and preparatory stage will play key roles in cognitive development of the students. There will be main preference given to the mother tongue and local language.
Below we have broken down the new education policy 5+3+3+4 to make you understand perfectly.
|Anganwadi, preschool etc.
[Class 1st and class 2nd]
|preparatory||8-11 year||Class 3rd to class 5th||3|
|Mid||11-14 year||Class 6th to class 8th||3|
|Higher secondary||14-18 year||Class 9th to class 12th||4|
The new education policy 5+3+3+4 structure comprises twelve year of school and two years of preschool.
The core of new education policy 2022 is to generate experiential learning through primarily focus on critical thinking and skills learning which includes thinking, inquiry, discovery, innovation, scientific approaches and analysis based teaching to reduce textbook dependency.
Important Reforms In The New Education Policy 2022
- The 10+2 learning structure is replaced by the 5+3+3+4 structure.
- This new education policy consists of 12 years of schooling and 3 years of pre-schooling including Aganwadi.
- Till class 5th the new education policy strongly emphasizes on mother language or regional language to teach students. Where students interestingly learn and build cognitive learning in their own mother language.
- Rote learning will be going at low stake. Tests will be conducted on the basis of skills. NCERT books will be given preference.
- Boards examination will be conducted in the same way. It will be redesigned with the perspective of a holistic approach.
- The term PARAKH( performance, assessment, review and analysis for critical approach) will be set up for students.
- There will be great flexibility in the new education policy 2022 so that students can select their own trajectory path in life according to their talent and interest.
- Students can learn Coding from class 6th. Students can learn and create programs from class 6th.
- Vocational education will also be implemented from class 6th.
- At School, high school and graduation, Sanskrit will be included as an option for students.
- There will be no forceful admission for any subject or language.
- There will be great flexibility in higher education. Students can choose subjects according to their interest irrespective of the stream they have chosen.
- Certification programs will include during higher education where students can enhance their skills and earn certificates that help them to get a job.
- Technology will be combined with learning for e.g. E-learning where dependency on books will be reduced.
- Education sector will get 6% of total GDP to boost the education system efficiently.
- It is estimated that in the next 15 to 20 years affiliation of colleges will phase out so there will be no engineering entrance exams, no medical exams and no more other entrance examinations will be required only HEIs will act as a multidisciplinary institution.
Now you have got brief information about the new education policy approved by the cabinet ministry. We hope that all your questions and doubts related to the new education policy are cleared now.
If you have any further questions and problems regarding the new education policy then feel free to ask we will respond as soon as possible.